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Anaesthesia


Title:Desflurane or sevoflurane for gynaecological day-case anaesthesia with spontaneous respiration?
Author(s):Mahmoud, N. A. Rose, D. J. Laurence, A. S.
Address:North West School of Anaesthesia, Preston PR2 4HT, UK.
Year:2001 Feb
Journal Title:Anaesthesia
Page Number:171-4
Language:eng
Volume:56
Issue:2
ISSN/ISBN:0003-2409 (Print). 0003-2409 (Linking)
Abstract:Sixty gynaecological day-case patients were anaesthetised with either desflurane or sevoflurane in oxygen/nitrous oxide, following intravenous induction. Mean end-tidal desflurane was 4.5% at 5 and 10 min post induction, whereas mean end-tidal sevoflurane was 1.7%. There were five untoward airway events (coughing, hiccoughs) in the desflurane group and three in the sevoflurane group, including one laryngospasm. Time to eye opening and orientation following anaesthesia were significantly faster in the desflurane group (2.8 min/4.8 min) than in the sevoflurane group (7.0 min/9.8 min; p < 0.0001). Time to being ready for discharge home was also significantly earlier in the desflurane group (3 h compared with 3.5 h). Telephone interview on the first postoperative day showed that in the desflurane group 29 of 31 were fully returned to normal activity compared with only 15 out of 29 in the sevoflurane group (p < 0.01).

 
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