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Anaesthesia


Title:Circulating fluoride changes and hepatorenal function following sevoflurane anaesthesia
Author(s):Newman, P. J.Quinn, A. C.Hall, G. M.Grounds, R. M.
Address:Department of Anaesthesia, St George's Hospital Medical School, London.
Year:1994 Nov
Journal Title:Anaesthesia
Page Number:936-9
Language:eng
Volume:49
Issue:11
ISSN/ISBN:0003-2409 (Print). 0003-2409 (Linking)
Abstract:Sevoflurane, a new volatile inhalational agent, undergoes biotransformation to fluoride which is potentially nephrotoxic. We compared the effects of sevoflurane or isoflurane anaesthesia on hepatorenal function and serum fluoride concentrations in 50 ASA 1-3 patients undergoing major intra-abdominal surgery. No patient developed renal or hepatic dysfunction. Mean (SEM) peak fluoride concentrations were 23.1 (1.5) mumol.l-1 for sevoflurane and 5.4 (0.4) mumol.l-1 for isoflurane (p < 0.001). There was a significant correlation in the sevoflurane group between the total dose of agent (MAC h), the total fluoride production (r = 0.78, p = 0.0001) and peak fluoride concentration (r = 0.57, p = 0.003). There was no correlation between these variables in the isoflurane group.

 
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