ISCATECH   Bedoukian   RussellIPM   Piezoelectric Micro-Sprayer


Home
Animal Taxa
Plant Taxa
Semiochemicals
Floral Compounds
Semiochemical Detail
Semiochemicals & Taxa
Synthesis
Control
Invasive spp.
References

Abstract

Guide

Chemtica
Biochemtech
AlphaScents
U-Chemo
BIOHOME
Print
Email to a Friend
Kindly Donate for The Pherobase

« Previous Abstract[Malignant hyperthermia]    Next AbstractIsoflurane modulates phorbol myristate acetate-, prostaglandin D2-, and prostaglandin E2-induced alterations in hepatic flow and metabolism in the perfused liver in fasted rats »

Anaesthesia


Title:A modification of the Bain system for ambient air-oxygen inhalation
Author(s):Shrestha, B. M.Tweed, W. A.Basnyat, N. B.Lekhak, B. D.
Address:Department of Anaesthesia, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.
Year:1994 Aug
Journal Title:Anaesthesia
Page Number:703-6
Language:eng
Volume:49
Issue:8
ISSN/ISBN:0003-2409 (Print). 0003-2409 (Linking)
Abstract:In developing countries like Nepal, anaesthetic compressed gases, especially nitrous oxide, are expensive and in short supply and anaesthetic techniques must equally use oxygen and volatile anaesthetics sparingly. We have designed a non-rebreathing anaesthetic system which meets these requirements. An Ambu-E anaesthetic valve and self-inflating Ambu bag connected to a Bain system form a non-rebreathing system which uses ambient air to supplement a mixture of low flow oxygen and halothane. Over 100 patients have been anaesthetised with this system using a balanced anaesthetic technique. The oxygen flow was 2 l.min-1 and the average halothane consumption was 8 ml.h-1. The average inspired oxygen concentration was 34%, and the air:oxygen dilution ratio was 5:1. A graphical analysis of gas flow predicts that the system is almost 100% efficient, in that almost all of the oxygen and halothane will enter the alveoli. Our experience confirms that this is a safe, simple and economical method for inhalation anaesthesia. We recommend it for locations where anaesthetic machines and mechanical ventilators are lacking, and where medical oxygen is in short supply.

 
Back to top
 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2021. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
© 2003-2021 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 15-01-2021